Chronic ascorbate potentiates the effects of chronic haloperidol on behavioral supersensitivity but not D2 dopamine receptor binding.

TitleChronic ascorbate potentiates the effects of chronic haloperidol on behavioral supersensitivity but not D2 dopamine receptor binding.
Publication TypeJournal Article
JournalNeuroscience
Volume45
Issue2
Pagination373-8
Date Published1991
ISSN0306-4522
Abstract

Ample behavioral evidence suggests that ascorbate parallels the action of haloperidol, a widely used neuroleptic. To determine the extent to which this parallel extends to chronic treatment, 21 days of exposure to ascorbate (100 or 500 mg/kg) alone or combined with haloperidol (0.5 mg/kg) were assessed on stereotyped behavior and neostriatal D2 dopamine receptor binding in rats. Our results indicate that when challenged with the dopamine agonist, apomorphine (0.5 mg/kg), animals chronically treated with haloperidol or high-dose ascorbate alone display a supersensitive sniffing response relative to controls, while animals chronically treated with the combination of haloperidol and high-dose ascorbate display a further potentiation of sniffing relative to the haloperidol groups. In addition, [3H]spiperone saturation studies showed, as expected, an up-regulation of striatal D2 dopamine receptors in rats treated with haloperidol as reflected by a change in receptor density (Bmax) but not affinity (KD). Ascorbate treatment, however, had no effect on D2 receptor density or the distribution of [3H]apomorphine in whole brain. Even though chronic treatment with the haloperidol-high-dose-ascorbate combination produced an up-regulation of striatal D2 dopamine receptors, this treatment did not cause a further up-regulation relative to haloperidol alone nor did it have any effect on [3H]apomorphine distribution. Taken together, these findings indicate that although chronic ascorbate produces behavioral supersensitivity to apomorphine through central mechanisms, they appear to differ from those induced by chronic haloperidol.

URLhttps://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/0306-4522(91)90234-F
Short TitleNeuroscience
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