Dispositional optimism and coping: a meta-analytic review.

TitleDispositional optimism and coping: a meta-analytic review.
Publication TypeJournal Article
JournalPersonality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
Volume10
Issue3
Pagination235-51
Date Published2006
ISSN1088-8683
Abstract

The relation between dispositional optimism and better adjustment to diverse stressors may be attributable to optimism's effects on coping strategies. A meta-analytic review (K = 50, N = 11,629) examined the impact of dispositional optimism on coping. Dispositional optimism was found to be positively associated with approach coping strategies aiming to eliminate, reduce, or manage stressors or emotions (r = .17), and negatively associated with avoidance coping strategies seeking to ignore, avoid, or withdraw from stressors or emotions (r = -.21). Effect sizes were larger for the distinction between approach and avoidance coping strategies than for that between problem and emotion-focused coping. Meta-analytic findings also indicate that optimists may adjust their coping strategies to meet the demands of the stressors at hand, and that the optimism-coping relationship is strongest in English-speaking samples.

URLhttp://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1207/s15327957pspr1003_3?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dpubmed
DOI10.1207/s15327957pspr1003_3
Short TitlePers Soc Psychol Rev
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