Effects of glucose on cloning efficiency and mutagenesis of fetal rat cells.

TitleEffects of glucose on cloning efficiency and mutagenesis of fetal rat cells.
Publication TypeJournal Article
JournalTeratogenesis, carcinogenesis, and mutagenesis
Date Published2002

In a previous study, treatment of rats with 10% glucose in the drinking water, as fetuses during gestation and for 1.5 months after delivery, significantly enhanced tumor incidence that resulted from N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU, 20 mg/kg) given transplacentally on gestation day 21, with a 1.6-fold increase in overall tumor incidence. We investigated whether glucose would have an effect on MNU-induced mutation in fetal F-344 rat somatic cells as measured in an in vivo/in vitro assay. Rat fetuses were exposed transplacentally to MNU on gestation day 16 and to a 10% glucose solution from gestation day 7 to day 17. Cells were isolated on gestation day 17 for determination of cloning efficiency and for selection of 6-thioguanine (6-TG)-resistant HGPRT mutants. Cloning efficiency of the fetal cells exposed to MNU alone was 22.6+/-2.3% S.E., while that for cells from fetuses exposed to MNU+glucose was 27.5+/-1.6% S.E., which was a significant difference (P=0.018). This indicates an effect of glucose on cell proliferation and survival. MNU treatment significantly increased the mutation frequency of fetal cells from a spontaneous value of 0.4 x 10(-6) per viable cell to (8.8+/-1.8 S.E.,) x 10(-6) (P=0.0087). The coexposure to MNU and glucose yielded a mutant frequency per plate of 0.62+/-0.05 S.E., which was a 1.5-fold increase compared to MNU alone (0.43+/-0.11 S.E., P=0.075. In summary, the data indicate that glucose during pregnancy increases proliferation/survival of fetal cells and possibly also mutation rate.

Short TitleTeratog Carcinog Mutagen
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