Goal shifts following reminders of mortality: reconciling posttraumatic growth and terror management theory.

TitleGoal shifts following reminders of mortality: reconciling posttraumatic growth and terror management theory.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
JournalPersonality & social psychology bulletin
Volume33
Issue8
Pagination1088-99
ISSN0146-1672
Abstract

Research findings within posttraumatic growth (PTG) and terror management theory (TMT) currently appear contradictory. Following confrontations with mortality, PTG research demonstrates intrinsic goal shifts, whereas TMT suggests extrinsic shifts. The current studies examine factors contributing to these inconsistent results. Study 1 demonstrates that perceived death threat is associated with PTG effects. Study 2 illuminates the importance of duration of death processing. Study 3 demonstrates that existing goal values and duration and type of processing all interact in determining ultimate goal structure, with a match between level of goals and processing producing the most psychologically advantageous outcomes. Although previous research suggests that short-term confrontations with death may lead to defensiveness, the current studies suggest that encountering death over a longer period or in a manner consistent with goal structure may lead individuals to transcend defensiveness and maintain intrinsic goals or become more intrinsically oriented.

URLhttp://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0146167207303015?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dpubmed
DOI10.1177/0146167207303015
Short TitlePers Soc Psychol Bull
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