Individual differences in amphetamine self-administration: the role of the central nucleus of the amygdala.

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TitleIndividual differences in amphetamine self-administration: the role of the central nucleus of the amygdala.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
JournalNeuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Volume33
Issue5
Pagination1149-61
ISSN0893-133X
Abstract

Rats categorized as high responder (HR), based on their activity in an inescapable novel environment, self-administer more amphetamine than low responder (LR) rats. The current study examined if the central nucleus of the amygdala (ACe) contributes to the elevated response for amphetamine in HR rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were classified as HR and LR rats based on their activity in inescapable novelty and novelty place preference, and then were trained to self-administer amphetamine (0.1 mg/kg/infusion). Once stable responding was achieved, rats received microinfusions of the GABA(A) agonist muscimol (0.5 microg/0.5 microl) or phosphate-buffered saline into the ACe immediately before self-administration of amphetamine (0.1, 0.03, 0.01, or 0.001 mg/kg/infusion) or saline. An additional group of rats was trained to lever press for sucrose rather than amphetamine. Based on the inescapable novelty test, HR rats self-administered more amphetamine than LR rats at the 0.03 and 0.01 mg/kg/infusion unit doses; there were no significant individual differences in amphetamine self-administration based on the novelty place preference test. Inactivation of the ACe with muscimol decreased self-administration at the 0.03 and 0.01 mg/kg/infusion unit doses in HR rats, but had no effect on LR rats. ACe inactivation had no reliable effect on inactive lever responding and appeared to be region specific based on anatomical controls. In addition, while inactivation of the ACe decreased responding for sucrose, inactivation did not differentially affect HR and LR rats. These results suggest that the ACe contributes to the elevated rate of amphetamine self-administration in HR rats.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.npp.1301478
DOI10.1038/sj.npp.1301478
Short TitleNeuropsychopharmacology
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