Individual Differences in Personality Predict Externalizing versus Internalizing Outcomes Following Sexual Assault.

TitleIndividual Differences in Personality Predict Externalizing versus Internalizing Outcomes Following Sexual Assault.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
JournalPsychological trauma : theory, research, practice and policy
Volume6
Issue4
Pagination375-383
ISSN1942-9681
Abstract

For some women, the experience of being sexually assaulted leads to increases in externalizing behaviors, such as problem drinking and drug use; for other women, the experience of being assaulted leads to increases in internalizing distress like depression or anxiety. It is possible that pre-assault personality traits interact with sexual assault to predict externalizing or internalizing distress. We tested whether concurrent relationships among personality, sexual assault, and distress were consistent with such a model. We surveyed 750 women just prior to their freshman year at a large public university. Consistent with our hypotheses, at low levels of negative urgency (the tendency to act rashly when distressed), sexual assault exposure had little relationship to problem drinking and drug use. At high levels of negative urgency, being sexually assaulted was highly associated with those externalizing behaviors. At low levels of internalizing personality traits, being assaulted had little relationship to depression and anxiety symptoms; at high levels of the traits, assault experience was highly related to those symptoms. Personality assessment could lead to more person-specific post-assault interventions.

DOI10.1037/a0032978
Short TitlePsychol Trauma
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