Neurochemical correlates of behavioral sensitization following repeated apomorphine treatment: assessment of the role of D1 dopamine receptor stimulation.

TitleNeurochemical correlates of behavioral sensitization following repeated apomorphine treatment: assessment of the role of D1 dopamine receptor stimulation.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1993
JournalSynapse (New York, N.Y.)
Volume14
Issue2
Pagination160-8
ISSN0887-4476
Abstract

Previous research has revealed a role of repeated D1 dopamine receptor stimulation in the development of behavioral sensitization to the D1/D2 agonist apomorphine. The present experiments assessed the role of repeated D1 receptor stimulation in neurochemical changes accompanying locomotor sensitization to apomorphine. To assess direct effects of D1 stimulation on dopamine synthesis, rats were injected with the D1 agonist SKF 38393 (8 mg/kg), followed by an injection with the 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) decarboxylase inhibitor, NSD-1015. DOPA accumulation, assessed in striatal, nucleus accumbens-olfactory tubercle (NAOT), and ventral mesencephalon (VM) tissue samples, was not affected by acute SKF 38393. In the second experiment, rats were treated with 10 daily injections of vehicle, apomorphine (5 mg/kg) or the D1 agonist SKF 38393 (8 or 16 mg/kg). Daily measures of locomotor activity demonstrated a progressive increase in the apomorphine-treated rats, but not the SKF 38393-treated rats, across the 10 days. On day 11, all rats were injected with NSD-1015 for measurement of DOPA accumulation. Dopamine synthesis was enhanced in the striatum after repeated apomorphine treatment. In contrast, repeated SKF 38393 treatment resulted in either a small decrease or no change in DOPA accumulation in the different brain regions (striatum, NAOT, VM). In the third experiment, tissue levels of dopamine, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and [3H]SCH 23390 binding to D1 receptors were measured in rats treated with 10 daily injections of vehicle, apomorphine (5 mg/kg), or SKF 38393 (16 mg/kg). In the striatum and NAOT, none of the repeated drug treatments had an effect on DOPAC or dopamine levels.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

DOI10.1002/syn.890140209
Short TitleSynapse
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