Reduction in infarct size by synchronized selective coronary venous retroperfusion of arterialized blood.

TitleReduction in infarct size by synchronized selective coronary venous retroperfusion of arterialized blood.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1981
JournalThe American journal of cardiology

The effectiveness of selective synchronized pulsatile coronary venous retroperfusion for the temporary metabolic support of a region of acutely ischemic myocardium has previously been demonstrated. This study was designed to determine the degree of reduction in ultimate infarct size that may be achieved when coronary venous retroperfusion initiated early after coronary occlusion is combined with later anterograde reperfusion. In 10 baboons, the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded for 4 hours at which time anterograde reperfusion was restored. In five baboons (Group A), coronary venous retroperfusion was initiated 15 minutes after occlusion. Five baboons (Group B) underwent an identical procedure without coronary venous retroperfusion. Epicardial electrograms were recorded from 24 sites overlying the ischemic region. At 24 hours, hearts were excised and serial transverse sections of the left ventricle were stained with nitroblue tetrazolium for stereometric determination of infarct size. In Group A 12 +/- 5.4 percent (mean +/- standard error of the mean) of epicardial sites with S-T segment elevation at 15 minutes after occlusion showed subsequent Q waves, compared with 96 +/- 2.3 percent in Group B (p less than 0.01). In Group A 4.8 +/- 1.7 percent of the left ventricular mass was infarcted, compared with 30.6 +/- 4.2 percent in Group B (p less than 0.01). The results demonstrated the effectiveness of coronary venous retroperfusion in preserving ischemic myocardium such that anterograde reperfusion resulted in a mean reduction of 84 percent in ultimate infarct size.

Short TitleAm J Cardiol
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