Repeated quinpirole treatment: locomotor activity, dopamine synthesis, and effects of selective dopamine antagonists.

TitleRepeated quinpirole treatment: locomotor activity, dopamine synthesis, and effects of selective dopamine antagonists.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1995
JournalSynapse (New York, N.Y.)
Volume20
Issue3
Pagination209-16
ISSN0887-4476
Abstract

Repeated treatment with the non-selective dopamine agonist apomorphine results in behavioral sensitization and enhanced dopamine synthesis in dopamine projection fields. To examine the role of D2-type dopamine receptors in modulating these effects, the present experiment assessed the effects of repeated treatment with the D2-type agonist quinpirole on locomotor activity and dopamine synthesis. In the first experiment, rats were treated with vehicle or one of two doses (0.3 or 3.0 mg/kg) of quinpirole for 8 days. Daily measures of locomotor activity revealed an initial suppression of activity produced by quinpirole which dissipated over the 8 days of treatment. A trend for an increase in activity for 3.0 mg/kg quinpirole compared to vehicle was obtained on day 8. Twenty-four hours after cessation of treatment, dopamine synthesis, measured as accumulation of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) after treatment with the DOPA decarboxylase inhibitor NSD-1015, was enhanced in the striatum, but not nucleus accumbens-olfactory tubercle (NAOT) or ventral mesencephalon (VM). In Experiment 2, rats were treated for 8 days with vehicle, 3.0 mg/kg quinpirole or the D1 antagonist SCH 23390 (0.5 mg/kg) in a two (vehicle or quinpirole) x two (vehicle or SCH 23390) design. Quinpirole-alone treatment resulted in a reduction of the locomotor suppressant effects of the drug. SCH 23390-alone and quinpirole-SCH 23390 combined treatment resulted in decreased activity compared to the vehicle control group that did not change across days. DOPA accumulation was enhanced in the striatum and NAOT after quinpirole treatment; however, SCH 23390 had no effect.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

DOI10.1002/syn.890200304
Short TitleSynapse
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