Peggy Keller

  • Associate Professor
  • Developmental Psychology
  • Health, Society and Populations
  • Psychology
012i Kastle Hall
859-257-9806
Research Interests:
Education

Ph.D. University of Notre Dame, 2006

Keller Lab News!

Dr. Keller is looking to take a new developmental graduate student for the application process starting Fall 2016 for the 2017/2018 school year! If you are a hard working, research-focused student interested in pursuing an academic career, please apply. You can contact Dr. Keller with any questions that you might have.

June 25-28:

The Keller lab will be presenting some of our alcohol-related research at the annual meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism in New Orleans!

June 1:

Congratulations to graduate student Shuang Bi, MA, who just submitted a Family Strengthening Scholars grant to the Administration for Children and Families!

May 10-31:

Dr. Keller will be directing the Psychology Department's first study abroad program, Substance Use as a Global Challenge! This program will be held in Amsterdam, Netherlands and Brussels, Belgium and will provide credit for a senior capstone course for participating students.

May 9:

Congratulations to graduate student Taylor Elsey, who just successfully completed her first year of graduate school!

Research
I am a member of the Developmental Psychology Program, with special interests in the area of Developmental Psychopathology.

I am affiliated with the Children at Risk Research Group. More information about this group is available here http://www.uky.edu/CAR/
I am also a Faculty Associate of the Center for Research on Violence Against Women. More information about the Center can be found here: www.research.uky.edu/crvaw/

At the most general level, my research concerns how family stress contributes to children’s risk for physical and mental health problems via coping processes. I examine both psychological and psychophysiological coping processes. For example, my research has explored children’s emotional security as a mechanism of risk in the context of parental problem drinking and parental depression. I have also studied how maladaptive stress response by the autonomic nervous system makes children more susceptible to the negative effects of marital conflict, including their sleep problems. I have several ongoing research studies, including a study of how exposure to parental problem drinking influences the transition from adolescence to adulthood (The Growing Up in My Family Project), how different approaches to parenting place children at greater or lesser risk for substance use problems (the Raising Teenagers Survey), and a study of stress and mental health in children being raised by grandparents in rural Appalachia (the Grandfamilies in Gardens project).  

A secondary line of my research involves causes and consequences of marital and other romantic relationship problem. For example, I have studied links between problem drinking and marital aggression, the role of narcissism in aggression in dating relationships, and the impact of sleep deprivation on dating aggression. I am currently running a study of relationship problems experienced by sleep apnea patients (the Sleep Apnea Project). 

This page was last updated June 20, 2016.

Available Before Publication!

In the spirit of rapid dissemination of research findings, here is a list of manuscripts we currently have under review in my lab. Please keep in mind that these manuscripts have not completed the peer review process; it is expected that they will change based on requested revisions. If you would like a copy of one or more of these papers, please just send me an email (peggy.keller@uky.edu). Manuscripts will be removed from this section and will no longer be available once the copyright is transferred the journal publisher.

Submitted 7/22/2016:

Bi, S., Haak, E. A., Gilbert, L. R., & Keller, P. S. (2016). Children exposed to marital conflict exhibit more disordered eating beahviors: child emotional insecurity and anxiety as mechanisms of risk. Manuscript submitted for publication.

  • This study uses data from our All Kinds of Families Project, which was partially funded by the UK Center for Research on Violence Against Women
  • The title pretty much says it all; we found no differences based on child gender.

Submitted 7/18/2016:

Keller, P. S., Haak, E. A., DeWall, C. N., & Renzetti, C. (2016). Poor sleep is associated with greater marital aggression: The role of self-control. Manuscript submitted for publication.

  • Nathan DeWall and Claire Renzetti made some online survey data available to me, and this is the result!
  • This study supports deficits in self-control as a reason why poor sleep is a risk factor for aggression in romantic relationships; it follows up on another study we published concerning dating college students.

 

Submitted 6/17/2016:

Haak, E. A., Elsey, T., Bi, S., & Keller, P. S. (2016). Emotional security theory: A meta-analysis. Manuscript submitted for publication.

  • Graduate student Eric Haak, MA, has completed a meta-analysis of research on emotional security theory (EST). This meta-analysis estimates the association between marital conflict and child emotional insecurity and the associations between child emotional insecurity and child internalizing and externalizing symptoms.

Submitted 6/15/2016:

Keller, P. S., Gilbert, L.R., Haak, E. A., Bi, S., & Smith, O. (2016). Earlier school start times are associated with behavioral problems in elementary schools. Manuscript submitted for publication.

  • We have completed an additional analysis of our Kentucky school start time data! In this analysis, we found that earlier school start times were associated with greater disciplinary problems in elementary schools. Unlike our study of standardized test scores, associations were found regardless of whether the school served impoverished students. However, we did find a few associations only for schools located in non-Appalachian counties.

Previously submitted:

Haak, E. A., Keller, P. S., & DeWall, C. N. (2015). Daily variations in attachment anxiety and avoidance: A density distributions approach. Manuscript submitted for publication.

  • This study uses data from our Sleep and Romantic Relationships project; we examined whether attachment anxiety or avoidance vary significantly from day to day in a sample of college students over a one-week period, and whether that variation was linked to relationship experiences and functioning. We found that it was!
Selected Publications: 

Borca, G., Bina, M., Keller, P., Gilbert, L., & Begotti, T. (2015). Internet use and development tasks: adolescents’ point of view. Computers in Human Behavior, 52, 49-58.

 

Gilbert, L. R., Pond, R. S., DeWall, C. N., & Keller, P. S. (2015). Sleep problems exacerbate the emotional consequences of interpersonal rejection. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 34, 50-63.

 

Keller, P. S., Granger, D. A., Tyler, J., Gilbert, L. R., Haak, E. A., & Bi, S. (2015). Parental problem drinking is associated with children’s adrenocortical reactivity to stress. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24, 3145-3153.

 

Keller, P. S., Smith, O., Gilbert, L. R., Bi, S., Haak, E., & Buckhalt, J. A. (2015). Earlier school start times as a risk factor for poor school performance: an examination of public elementary schools in the Commonwealth of Kentucky. Journal of Educational Psychology, 107, 236-245.

 

Keller, P. S., Kouros, C. D., Erath, S. A., Dahl, R. E. & El-Sheikh, M. (2014). Longitudinal relations between maternal depressive symptoms and children’s sleep. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 55, 172-179. Impact Factor = 5.85.

 

Keller, P. S., Gilbert, L. R., Haak, E., & DeWall, C. N. (2014). Sleep deprivation and dating aggression in female college students: alcohol use, trait aggression, and partner aggression as moderators of associations. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment, and Trauma, 23, 351-368.

 

Keller, P. S., Blincoe, S., Gilbert, L. R., DeWall, C. N., Haak, E., & Widiger, T. (2014). Narcissism in romantic relationships: A dyadic perspective. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 33, 25-50. Impact Factor = 1.356.

 

Minor, K. I., Wells, J. B., Lambert, E. G., & Keller, P. S. (2014). Increasing morale: Personal and work environment antecedents of job morale among staff in juvenile corrections. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 41, 1308-1326.

 

 

Golding, J. M., Hodell, E. C., Dunlap, E. E., Wasarhaley, N. E., & Keller, P. S. (2013). When a son steals money from his mother: Courtroom perceptions of elder financial exploitation. Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect, 25, 126-148. Role = Statistical Consultant

 

Kashdan, T. B., DeWall, C. N., Pond, R. S., Lambert, N. M., Fincham, F. D., Silvia, P. J., & Keller, P. S. (2013). Curiosity protects against interpersonal aggression: Cross-sectional, daily process, and behavioral evidence. Journal of Personality, 81, 87-102.

 

Wasarhaley, N. E., Golding, J. M., Lynch, K. R., & Keller, P. S. (2013). The impact of abuse allegations in perceiving patricide in the courtroom. Psychology, Crime, and Law, 19, 783-799. Role = Statistical Consultant.

 

Keller, P. S., El-Sheikh, M., Granger, D. A., & Buckhalt, J. A. (2012). Interactions between salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase as predictors of children’s cognitive functioning and academic performance. Physiology & Behavior, 105, 987-995. Impact Factor = 2.891

 

Keller, P. S., & El-Sheikh, M. (2011). Latent change score modeling of psychophysiological data: An empirical instantiation using electrodermal responding. Psychophysiology, 48, 1578-1587. Impact Factor = 3.263

 

Keller, P. S., Gilbert, L. N., Koss, K., Cummings, E. M., & Davies, P. T. (2011). Parental problem drinking, marital aggression, and child emotional insecurity: A longitudinal investigation. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 72, 711-722. Impact Factor = 2.128

 

Wood, N. D., Crane, D. R., & Keller, P. S. (2011). Tracking marital adjustment, hostility, and physical functioning across time in a therapy population: A biopsychosocial model. Contemporary Family Therapy, 33, 242-252.

 

Keller, P. S., & El-Sheikh, M. (2011). Children’s emotional security and sleep: Longitudinal relations and directions of effects. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52, 64-71. Impact Factor = 5.85

 

Combs, D. J. Y. & Keller, P. S. (2010). Politicians and Trustworthiness: Acting Contrary to Self-Interest Enhances Trustworthiness. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 32, 328-339. Role = statistical consultant.

 

Keller, P. S., El-Sheikh, M., Vaughn, B. E., & Granger, D. A. (2010). Relations between Mucosal Immunity and Children’s Mental Health: The Role of Child Sex. Physiology & Behavior, 101, 705-712. Impact Factor = 2.891

 

Buckhalt, J. A., El-Sheikh, M., Keller, P. S., & Kelly, R. J. (2009). Concurrent and longitudinal relationships between children’s sleep and cognitive functioning: The moderating role of parent education. Child Development, 80, 875-892.

 

El-Sheikh, M., Kouros, C. D., Erath, S. A., Keller, P. S., Cummings, E. M., & Staton, L. (2009). Marital conflict and children’s externalizing behavior: Interactions between parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous system activity. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 74.

 

Keiley, M., Keller, P.S., & El-Sheikh, M. (2009). Effects of Physical and Verbal Aggression, Depression, and Anxiety on Drinking Behavior of Married Partners: A Prospective and Retrospective Longitudinal Examination. Aggressive Behavior, 35, 296-312.

 

Keller, P. S., Cummings, E. M., Peterson, K. M., & Davies, P. T. (2009). Marital conflict in the context of parental depressive symptoms: Implications for the development of children’s adjustment problems. Social Development, 18, 536 - 555. Impact Factor = 1.717

 

Keller, P. S., & El-Sheikh, M. (2009). Salivary alpha-amylase as a longitudinal predictor of children’s externalizing symptoms: Respiratory sinus arrhythmia as a moderator of effects. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34, 633-643. Impact Factor = 5.168

 

Keller, P. S., El-Sheikh, M., Keiley, M., & Liao, P. (2009). Longitudinal relations between marital aggression and alcohol problems. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 23, 2-13. Impact Factor = 2.101

 

Klaczynski, P. A., Daniel, D. B., & Keller, P. S. (2009). Appearance idealization, body esteem, causal attributions, and ethnic variations in the development of obesity stereotypes. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30, 537-551.

 

Cummings, E. M., Schermerhorn, A. C., Keller, P. S., & Davies, P. T. (2008). Parental depressive symptoms, children’s representations of family relationships, and child adjustment. Social Development, 17, 278-305.

 

Keller, P. S., Cummings, E. M., Davies, P. T., & Mitchell, P. M. (2008). Longitudinal relations between parental drinking problems, family functioning, and child adjustment. Development and Psychopathology, 20, 195-212. Impact Factor = 4.95

 

Keller, P. S., El-Sheikh, M., & Buckhalt, J. A. (2008). Children’s attachment to parents and their academic functioning: Sleep disruptions as moderators of effects. Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 29, 441-449. Impact Factor = 2.205

 

El-Sheikh, M., Buckhalt, J. A., Keller, P. S., & Granger, D. A. (2008). Children’s objective and subjective sleep disruptions: Links with afternoon cortisol levels. Health Psychology, 27, 26-33.

PubMed Publications*: 
  • Kashdan, TB ;Dewall, CN ;Pond, RS ;Silvia, PJ ;Lambert, NM ;Fincham, FD ;Savostyanova, AA ;Keller, PS "Curiosity protects against interpersonal aggression: cross-sectional, daily process, and behavioral evidence." Journal of personality 81, 1 (2013): 87-102. Details. Full text
  • Keller, PS ;El-Sheikh, M.;Granger, DA ;Buckhalt, JA "Interactions between salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase as predictors of children's cognitive functioning and academic performance." Physiology & behavior 105, 4 (2012): 987-95. Details. Full text
  • Keller, PS ;Gilbert, LR ;Koss, KJ ;Cummings, EM ;Davies, PT "Parental problem drinking, marital aggression, and child emotional insecurity: a longitudinal investigation." Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs 72, 5 (2011): 711-22. Details. Full text
  • Keller, PS ;El-Sheikh, M. "Latent change score modeling of psychophysiological data: an empirical instantiation using electrodermal responding." Psychophysiology 48, 11 (2011): 1578-87. Details. Full text
  • Keller, PS ;El-Sheikh, M.;Vaughn, B.;Granger, DA "Relations between mucosal immunity and children's mental health: the role of child sex." Physiology & behavior 101, 5 (2010): 705-12. Details. Full text
  • Ng, LC ;Ramduny, D.;Airey, JA ;Singer, CA ;Keller, PS ;Shen, XM ;Tian, H.;Valencik, M.;Hume, JR "Orai1 interacts with STIM1 and mediates capacitative Ca2+ entry in mouse pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells." American journal of physiology. Cell physiology 299, 5 (2010): C1079-90. Details. Full text
  • Keller, PS ;Cummings, EM ;Peterson, KM ;Davies, PT "Marital Conflict in the Context of Parental Depressive Symptoms: Implications for the Development of Children's Adjustment Problems." Social development (Oxford, England) 18, 3 (2009): 536-555. Details.
  • Keller, PS ;El-Sheikh, M.;Keiley, M.;Liao, PJ "Longitudinal relations between marital aggression and alcohol problems." Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors 23, 1 (2009): 2-13. Details. Full text
  • Xiong, D.;Wang, GX ;Burkin, DJ ;Yamboliev, IA ;Singer, CA ;Rawat, S.;Scowen, P.;Evans, R.;Ye, L.;Hatton, WJ ;Tian, H.;Keller, PS ;McCloskey, DT ;Duan, D.;Hume, JR "Cardiac-specific overexpression of the human short CLC-3 chloride channel isoform in mice." Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology 36, 4 (2009): 386-93. Details. Full text
  • Ng, LC ;McCormack, MD ;Airey, JA ;Singer, CA ;Keller, PS ;Shen, XM ;Hume, JR "TRPC1 and STIM1 mediate capacitative Ca2+ entry in mouse pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells." The Journal of physiology 587, Pt 11 (2009): 2429-42. Details. Full text
  • Keller, PS ;El-Sheikh, M. "Salivary alpha-amylase as a longitudinal predictor of children's externalizing symptoms: respiratory sinus arrhythmia as a moderator of effects." Psychoneuroendocrinology 34, 5 (2009): 633-43. Details. Full text
  • Keller, PS ;El-Sheikh, M.;Buckhalt, JA "Children's attachment to parents and their academic functioning: sleep disruptions as moderators of effects." Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP 29, 6 (2008): 441-9. Details. Full text
  • El-Sheikh, M.;Buckhalt, JA ;Keller, PS ;Granger, DA "Children's objective and subjective sleep disruptions: links with afternoon cortisol levels." Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association 27, 1 (2008): 26-33. Details. Full text
  • Cummings, EM ;El-Sheikh, M.;Kouros, CD ;Keller, PS "Children's skin conductance reactivity as a mechanism of risk in the context of parental depressive symptoms." Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines 48, 5 (2007): 436-45. Details. Full text
  • El-Sheikh, M.;Keller, PS ;Erath, SA "Marital conflict and risk for child maladjustment over time: skin conductance level reactivity as a vulnerability factor." Journal of abnormal child psychology 35, 5 (2007): 715-27. Details. Full text
  • El-Sheikh, M.;Buckhalt, JA ;Keller, PS ;Cummings, EM ;Acebo, C. "Child emotional insecurity and academic achievement: the role of sleep disruptions." Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43) 21, 1 (2007): 29-38. Details. Full text
  • El-Sheikh, M.;Erath, SA ;Keller, PS "Children's sleep and adjustment: the moderating role of vagal regulation." Journal of sleep research 16, 4 (2007): 396-405. Details. Full text
  • Keller, PS ;Cummings, EM ;Davies, PT "The role of marital discord and parenting in relations between parental problem drinking and child adjustment." Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines 46, 9 (2005): 943-51. Details. Full text
  • Cummings, EM ;Keller, PS ;Davies, PT "Towards a family process model of maternal and paternal depressive symptoms: exploring multiple relations with child and family functioning." Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines 46, 5 (2005): 479-89. Details. Full text
  • Keiley, MK ;Keller, PS ;El-Sheikh, M. "Effects of physical and verbal aggression, depression, and anxiety on drinking behavior of married partners: a prospective and retrospective longitudinal examination." Aggressive behavior 35, 4 (1969): 296-312. Details. Full text
  • Keller, PS ;El-Sheikh, M.;Granger, DA ;Buckhalt, JA "Interactions between salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase as predictors of children's cognitive functioning and academic performance." Physiology & behavior 105, 4 (1969): 987-95. Details. Full text
  • Keller, PS ;Cummings, EM ;Davies, PT ;Mitchell, PM "Longitudinal relations between parental drinking problems, family functioning, and child adjustment." Development and psychopathology 20, 1 (1969): 195-212. Details. Full text
  • Buckhalt, JA ;El-Sheikh, M.;Keller, PS ;Kelly, RJ "Concurrent and longitudinal relations between children's sleep and cognitive functioning: the moderating role of parent education." Child development 80, 3 (1969): 875-92. Details. Full text
  • Keller, PS ;Kouros, CD ;Erath, SA ;Dahl, RE ;El-Sheikh, M. "Longitudinal relations between maternal depressive symptoms and child sleep problems: the role of parasympathetic nervous system reactivity." Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines 55, 2 (0): 172-9. Details. Full text
  • Golding, JM ;Hodell, EC ;Dunlap, EE ;Wasarhaley, NE ;Keller, PS "When a son steals money from his mother: courtroom perceptions of elder financial exploitation." Journal of elder abuse & neglect 25, 2 (0): 126-48. Details.
* Publications are automatically pulled from pubmed.gov based on a user-specific query. Results may include incorrect citations. See: Tutorial on improving PubMed results.
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