Suzanne Segerstrom

scsege0's picture
Graduate Training: 
Ph.D. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, 1997
Research: 

My research primarily addresses the influence of individual differences in personality, cognition, and emotion on psychological health and physiological functions.

I am particularly interested in understanding how aspects of self-regulation including personality, behavior, and executive cognitive function affect well-being and health.  For example, my students and I have worked on the questions of how personality factors (e.g., optimism) affect the way that people approach and pursue their goals, what the costs and benefits of goal pursuit are, and especially how acts of self-regulation affect cardiovascular, neuroendocrine, metabolic, and immune function. I currently have two NIH-funded studies.  One, with Leslie Crofford, MD, examines the health consequences of motivation and goal pursuit in older women in a longitudinal "burst" design. The other is a longitudinal study of the effects of self-regulation and especially self-regulatory capacity on psychological and physical health and physiology in older adults.

My students and I are also actively pursuing a line of research on cognitive self-regulation as it is manifested in repetitive thought (e.g., worry, rumination, cognitive processing, and related concepts). This research is currently focused on understanding the structure of repetitive thought, the best ways to measure repetitive thought, its neuropsychological correlates, and its psychological and physiological consequences.

Selected Publications: 
  • Segerstrom, S.C., Solberg Nes, L.* (2007). Heart rate variability indexes self-regulatory strength, effort, and fatigue. Psychological Science, 18, 275-281.
  • Segerstrom, S.C., Roach, A.R.*, Evans, D.R.*, Schipper, L.J.*, & Darville, A.K. (2010).  The structure and health correlates of trait repetitive thought in older adults.  Psychology and Aging, 25, 505-515.
  • Segerstrom, S.C. (2006). Breaking Murphy's Law: How optimists get what they want from life and pessimists can too. New York: Guilford.
  • Segerstrom, S.C., & Sephton, S.E. (2010).  Optimistic expectancies and cell-mediated immunity:  The role of positive affect.  Psychological Science, 21, 448–455.
  • Segerstrom, S.C., Miller, G.E. (2004). Psychological stress and the human immune system: A meta-analytic study of 30 years of inquiry. Psychological Bulletin, 104, 601-630.
  • Segerstrom, S.C. (2010).  Resources, stress, and immunity:  An ecological perspective on human psychoneuroimmunology.  Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 40, 114-12.
  • Segerstrom, S.C., Al-Attar, A., & Lutz, C.L. (2012).  Psychosocial resources, aging, and natural killer cell terminal maturity. Psychology and Aging, 27, 892-902.

     

* UK Psychology graduate student.

Visit our research studies on the web at www.optimismresearch.net

PubMed Publications*: 
  • Segerstrom, SC ;Eisenlohr-Moul, TA ;Evans, DR ;Ram, N "Repetitive thought dimensions, psychological well-being and perceived growth in older adults: a multilevel, prospective study." Anxiety, stress, and coping (2014): 1-29. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC "Affect and self-rated health: A dynamic approach with older adults." Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association 33, 7 (2014): 720-8. Details. Full text
  • Out, D.;Granger, DA ;Sephton, SE ;Segerstrom, SC "Disentangling sources of individual differences in diurnal salivary α-amylase: reliability, stability and sensitivity to context." Psychoneuroendocrinology 38, 3 (2013): 367-75. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC ;Hardy, JK ;Evans, DR ;Greenberg, RN "Vulnerability, distress, and immune response to vaccination in older adults." Brain, behavior, and immunity 26, 5 (2012): 747-53. Details. Full text
  • Eisenlohr-Moul, TA ;Fillmore, MT ;Segerstrom, SC ""Pause and plan" includes the liver: self-regulatory effort slows alcohol metabolism for those low in self-control." Biological psychology 91, 2 (2012): 229-31. Details. Full text
  • Dedert, E.;Lush, E.;Chagpar, A.;Dhabhar, FS ;Segerstrom, SC ;Spiegel, D.;Dayyat, E.;Daup, M.;McMasters, K.;Sephton, SE "Stress, coping, and circadian disruption among women awaiting breast cancer surgery." Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine 44, 1 (2012): 10-20. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC ;Al-Attar, A.;Lutz, CT "Psychosocial resources, aging, and natural killer cell terminal maturity." Psychology and aging 27, 4 (2012): 892-902. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC ;Stanton, AL ;Flynn, SM ;Roach, AR ;Testa, JJ ;Hardy, JK "Episodic repetitive thought: dimensions, correlates, and consequences." Anxiety, stress, and coping 25, 1 (2012): 3-21. Details. Full text
  • Nes, LS ;Carlson, CR ;Crofford, LJ ;Leeuw, R.;Segerstrom, SC "Individual differences and self-regulatory fatigue: optimism, conscientiousness, and self-consciousness." Personality and individual differences 50, 4 (2011): Details.
  • Hardy, JK ;Crofford, LJ ;Segerstrom, SC "Goal conflict, distress, and pain in women with fibromyalgia: a daily diary study." Journal of psychosomatic research 70, 6 (2011): 534-40. Details. Full text
  • Solberg Nes, L.;Carlson, CR ;Crofford, LJ ;Leeuw, R.;Segerstrom, SC "Self-regulatory deficits in fibromyalgia and temporomandibular disorders." Pain 151, 1 (2010): 37-44. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC ;Roach, AR ;Evans, DR ;Schipper, LJ ;Darville, AK "The structure and health correlates of trait repetitive thought in older adults." Psychology and aging 25, 3 (2010): 505-15. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC ;Sephton, SE "Optimistic expectancies and cell-mediated immunity: the role of positive affect." Psychological science 21, 3 (2010): 448-55. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC "Resources, stress, and immunity: an ecological perspective on human psychoneuroimmunology." Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine 40, 1 (2010): 114-25. Details. Full text
  • Carver, CS ;Scheier, MF ;Segerstrom, SC "Optimism." Clinical psychology review 30, 7 (2010): 879-89. Details. Full text
  • Salsman, JM ;Segerstrom, SC ;Brechting, EH ;Carlson, CR ;Andrykowski, MA "Posttraumatic growth and PTSD symptomatology among colorectal cancer survivors: a 3-month longitudinal examination of cognitive processing." Psycho-oncology 18, 1 (2009): 30-41. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC "Biobehavioral controls: threats to psychoneuroimmunology research?" Brain, behavior, and immunity 23, 7 (2009): 885-6. Details. Full text
  • Roach, AR ;Averill, AJ ;Segerstrom, SC ;Kasarskis, EJ "The dynamics of quality of life in ALS patients and caregivers." Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine 37, 2 (2009): 197-206. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC ;Laudenslager, ML "When is enough measurement, enough? Generalizability of primate immunity over time." Brain, behavior, and immunity 23, 7 (2009): 986-92. Details. Full text
  • Solberg Nes, L.;Roach, AR ;Segerstrom, SC "Executive functions, self-regulation, and chronic pain: a review." Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine 37, 2 (2009): 173-83. Details. Full text
  • Flynn, SM ;Schipper, LJ ;Roach, AR ;Segerstrom, SC "Gender differences in delayed-type hypersensitivity response: effects of stress and coping in first-year law students." Brain, behavior, and immunity 23, 5 (2009): 672-6. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC "Social networks and immunosuppression during stress: relationship conflict or energy conservation?" Brain, behavior, and immunity 22, 3 (2008): 279-84. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC ;Schipper, LJ ;Greenberg, RN "Caregiving, repetitive thought, and immune response to vaccination in older adults." Brain, behavior, and immunity 22, 5 (2008): 744-52. Details. Full text
  • Lykins, EL ;Segerstrom, SC ;Averill, AJ ;Evans, DR ;Kemeny, ME "Goal shifts following reminders of mortality: reconciling posttraumatic growth and terror management theory." Personality & social psychology bulletin 33, 8 (2007): 1088-99. Details. Full text
  • Averill, AJ ;Kasarskis, EJ ;Segerstrom, SC "Psychological health in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis." Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis : official publication of the World Federation of Neurology Research Group on Motor Neuron Diseases 8, 4 (2007): 243-54. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC ;Nes, LS "Heart rate variability reflects self-regulatory strength, effort, and fatigue." Psychological science 18, 3 (2007): 275-81. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC "Optimism and resources: Effects on each other and on health over 10 years." Journal of research in personality 41, 4 (2007): 772-786. Details.
  • Segerstrom, SC ;Nes, LS "When Goals Conflict But People Prosper: The Case of Dispositional Optimism." Journal of research in personality 40, 5 (2006): 675-693. Details.
  • Segerstrom, SC "How does optimism suppress immunity? Evaluation of three affective pathways." Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association 25, 5 (2006): 653-7. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC ;Lubach, GR ;Coe, CL "Identifying immune traits and biobehavioral correlates: generalizability and reliability of immune responses in rhesus macaques." Brain, behavior, and immunity 20, 4 (2006): 349-58. Details. Full text
  • Nes, LS ;Segerstrom, SC ;Sephton, SE "Engagement and arousal: optimism's effects during a brief stressor." Personality & social psychology bulletin 31, 1 (2005): 111-20. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC "Optimism and immunity: do positive thoughts always lead to positive effects?" Brain, behavior, and immunity 19, 3 (2005): 195-200. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC ;Miller, GE "Psychological stress and the human immune system: a meta-analytic study of 30 years of inquiry." Psychological bulletin 130, 4 (2004): 601-30. Details. Full text
  • Bower, JE ;Segerstrom, SC "Stress management, finding benefit, and immune function: positive mechanisms for intervention effects on physiology." Journal of psychosomatic research 56, 1 (2004): 9-11. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC "Individual differences, immunity, and cancer: lessons from personality psychology." Brain, behavior, and immunity 17 Suppl 1, (2003): S92-7. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC ;Stanton, AL ;Alden, LE ;Shortridge, BE "A multidimensional structure for repetitive thought: what's on your mind, and how, and how much?" Journal of personality and social psychology 85, 5 (2003): 909-21. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC "Optimism, goal conflict, and stressor-related immune change." Journal of behavioral medicine 24, 5 (2001): 441-67. Details.
  • Segerstrom, SC ;Glover, DA ;Craske, MG ;Fahey, JL "Worry affects the immune response to phobic fear." Brain, behavior, and immunity 13, 2 (1999): 80-92. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC ;Solomon, GF ;Kemeny, ME ;Fahey, JL "Relationship of worry to immune sequelae of the Northridge earthquake." Journal of behavioral medicine 21, 5 (1998): 433-50. Details.
  • Segerstrom, SC ;Taylor, SE ;Kemeny, ME ;Fahey, JL "Optimism is associated with mood, coping, and immune change in response to stress." Journal of personality and social psychology 74, 6 (1998): 1646-55. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC ;Taylor, SE ;Kemeny, ME ;Reed, GM ;Visscher, BR "Causal attributions predict rate of immune decline in HIV-seropositive gay men." Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association 15, 6 (1996): 485-93. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC "Personality and the immune system: models, methods, and mechanisms." Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine 22, 3 (1969): 180-90. Details.
  • Solomon, GF ;Segerstrom, SC ;Grohr, P.;Kemeny, M.;Fahey, J. "Shaking up immunity: psychological and immunologic changes after a natural disaster." Psychosomatic medicine 59, 2 (1969): 114-27. Details. Full text
  • Grimes, CE ;Nes, LS ;Waldman, A.;Segerstrom, SC "Output order reflects the cognitive accessibility of goals." The Journal of social psychology 152, 1 (1969): 5-16. Details.
  • Segerstrom, SC ;O'Connor, DB "Stress, health and illness: four challenges for the future." Psychology & health 27, 2 (0): 128-40. Details. Full text
  • Nes, LS ;Segerstrom, SC "Dispositional optimism and coping: a meta-analytic review." Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc 10, 3 (0): 235-51. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC "Stress, Energy, and Immunity: An Ecological View." Current directions in psychological science 16, 6 (0): 326-330. Details.
  • Castaneda, JO ;Segerstrom, SC "Effect of stimulus type and worry on physiological response to fear." Journal of anxiety disorders 18, 6 (0): 809-23. Details. Full text
  • Averill, AJ ;Kasarskis, EJ ;Segerstrom, SC "Expressive disclosure to improve well-being in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: a randomised, controlled trial." Psychology & health 28, 6 (0): 701-13. Details. Full text
  • Segerstrom, SC "Optimism and Resources: Effects on Each Other and on Health over 10 Years." Journal of research in personality 41, 4 (0): Details.
* Publications are automatically pulled from pubmed.gov based on a user-specific query. Results may include incorrect citations. See: Tutorial on improving PubMed results.
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